Beau and Monique, Dogs, Dog, Travel, Australia, Photos and Pictures

Monday, July 20, 2009

Kangaroos and the Enviroment

 Big_red_Female_australia_zoo

KAN
GAROOS AND THE ENVIRONMENT
ARE KANGAROOS IN PLAGUE POPULATIONS Government figures show that between 2001 and 2006 populations crashed across the country by 50-70%1. The Murray Darling Report talks about kangaroo density inrelation to extinction where populations below 2 kangaroos per sq.km are quasi-extinct.However IN MOST OF S.A. AND N.S.W. WHERE THE COMMERCIAL INDUSTRY EXISTS, KANGAROOS HAVE ALREADY BEEN DECIMATED TO DANGEROUS LEVELS OF JUST 2 OR LESS KANGAROOS PER SQ. KM PUTTING THEM AT GREAT RISK OF EXTINCTION IF THE KILLING CONTINUES, which it is2. Killing 10-15% of a declining population during a severe drought is catapulting macropod species into an irreversible crisis. Kangaroos are regionally extinct in areas of WA, SA, Western NSW and Vic. The average age of a red kangaroo is 2 years in New South Wales when they could live to anaverage age of 25. There were an estimated 200 million at the time of the first settlers. The official 2007 estimate is 24 million kangaroos. In 2007, 3.8 million were killed commercially (combining   nn-commercial killing, recreational hunting, government “culls,” road kills, illegal killing and uncounted joey deaths the total is closer to 7 million). There are 5 times as many sheep and more cows but nobody ever says there are plagues of sheep!IS THE KANGAROO INDUSTRY SUSTAINABLE? A $200 million kangaroo killing industry is growing at 7 per cent a year. In NSW there is evidence that up to 80% of all kangaroos taken are females. Killing such a high proportion of females is unsustainable and can lead to precipitous population declines according to a population model published in Kangaroo Keepers edited by H J Lavery. It’s also unsustainable for the industry to target the biggest kangaroos, who are the breeding stock for strong, healthy populations thereby weakening the gene pool. Combined with global warming impacts there could be serious consequences for kangaroos, especially red kangaroos. Many tourists complain of not seeing a single kangaroo on their outback tours. It would be more profitable to let    kagaroos flourish and encourage eco-tourism for the $85 billion tourism industry.
ARE KANGAROOS PESTS?
A six year study by Dr Steven McLeod at the University of New South Wales, determined: “There was no evidence of a competitive effect of red kangaroos on sheep in terms of body mass, wool growth, reproductive output of sheep or the growth and survivorship of lambs. In fact, Red Kangaroos consistently avoid areas used by sheep.” A 4yr study of Grey Kangaroos in Western Australia by CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organisation) found that 95% wheat crops are nevervisited by kangaroos who rarely wander more than 400 metres from their home range in the bush. Also kangaroos have virtually no impact on the country’s crops, despite claims by farmers to the contrary. Dr Graham Arnold, former senior principle research scientist, CSIRO, Division of Wildlife and Ecology, who studied the impact of kangaroos on croplands, stated in 1998: “Most kangaroos did not like to eat farm crops and would only thrive if given access to their natural foods… Unless the community manages remnant vegetation to 
minimise degradation and enhance the regeneration of native plants, kangaroos and some other native species will disappear from much of Western Australia over the next 100 years.” Gordon Grigg, author of Commercial Harvesting of Kangaroos in Australia, stated that kangaroos’ grazing requirements may have been over-estimated by as much as 500 per cent. A CSIRO study showed that kangaroos do not compete with sheep for food.
DO KANGAROOS BENEFIT THE ENVIRONMENT?
Kangaroos lessen the possibility of bushfires by eating dry grass that ignites easily.There are many species who depend on them. Their soft padded feet and long tail areintegral to the ecological health of the land, as regenerators of native grasses. Kangaroos have been living harmoniously with their environment for at least 16 million years and they are perfectly suited to their natural habitat. Any seedling that falls into the longtapering footprint of the kangaroo is buried into the hole left by the toenail. Covered and with moisture concentrated at one point, the germinated seedling has a chance of survival.Their tail drags along behind them while they are grazing, pressing the ground, rolling seeds into the earth. Kangaroos play an undeniable role in biological diversity and ecological integrity5. Their urine and faeces is a natural fertilizer (not excessively high in nitrogen which pollutes ground and surface water like livestock waste), essential to the health of the land and biodiversity. Government  statistics show that kangaroos only exert 1-8% of grazing pressure on land and in fact help the land by co-existing with livestock. Unlike livestock they do not produce greenhouse gases (methane, nitrous oxide), drink massive quantities of water, cause soil erosion, loss of soil nutrients and soil ecosystems leading to deserts. Nor do they destroy wildlife like the livestock industry does by shooting, deforestation and habitat destruction. In fact kangaroos help the environment.
KANGAROO FARMS TO SAVE THE PLANET?
Since climate change has become a daily subject, it has been suggested that Australians could eat kangaroos instead of environmentally damaging animals such as cows, sheep etc. However kangaroos are not herd animals. They are highly nervous and suffer from post-capture myopathy if caught. They can not be inspected, drenched or rounded up. Kangaroos could never replace more than a tiny fraction of the livestock Australians consume. Qld Dept of Primary Industries states that a kangaroo only produces 10 kg of useable meat, 3 kg of which is prime cuts the rest is pet food. Furthermore, the total maximum potential supply of kangaroo meat is 57,000 tonnes a year compared to the yield of 1.7 million tonnes of beef. The entire kangaroo population would need to be killed many times over each year to replace sheep and cattle.
HEALTH THREATS OF KANGAROO MEAT
Kangaroos are shot in the bush at night and gutted on the dirt. Dangling from hooks in an open truck, they are driven many hours on dusty, unsealed roads to chillers which may not be cool enough until the chillers are filled and taken to the processing plants. Their meat has to be undercooked or it will be tough and inedible. Kangaroos can harbour awide range of fungal and viral diseases, dangerous bacterial infections (toxoplasmosis, e.coli, streptococcus, staphylococcus and salmonella) along with parasites including abdominal and muscular parasites which can cause long-term illness.
IS THE KANGAROO SLAUGHTER ETHICAL?
The National Code of Practice for the Humane Shooting of Kangaroos and Wallabies permits joeys to be pulled out of the pouch and bashed to death or decapitated. The young of no other species is allowed to be killed in such a brutal way. The Code does not cover the young at foot joey orphaned when the mother is shot. A million of these joeys are tragically left to die of starvation, hypothermia or predation every year as he needs his mother’s milk every three hours up to 18 months of age. A kangaroo shooter only needs a valid firearms licence, a TAFE certificate for safe food handling and to show he can hit a target at 80m, although shooting over 200m is more common. The National Kangaroo Campaign, Australia state: “The Code is voluntary and no provision exists in it for permits/licences to be suspended in the event of failure to adhere to the Code.” Most shooting happens at night with no observation by an independent body. The government and industry claim that their shooters kill humanely by a single head   shot but statistics are taken from chillers where shooters do not bring body-shot animals. There is no monitoring of kangaroo numbers which have been body shot. Many kangaroos are shot in the face and run off with their mouth or face blown off to die in extreme pain of infection and starvation.
AUSTRALIA’S APPALLING CONSERVATION RECORD
Of 53 species of kangaroos, 29 are now threatened and 6 extinct. Australia has the worst record of extinctions of any country having exterminated one third of its wildlife in just 200 years. The commercial killing of kangaroos is the largest land-based wildlife slaughter on earth, kills more unweaned young than any other country and is as shameful as the Japanese whale slaughter and the Canadian seal hunt.

posted by Monique at 2:51 pm  

Bookmark This

Friday, July 17, 2009

Bindi’s 11th birthday

Bindi’s 11th birthday 

Crikey! Join the party at Australia Zoo on July 24, when our pint-sized Wildlife Warrior turns 11!It’s Bindi’s Birthday and she wants all kids to come to the Zoo for FREE* to join her you-beaut Masquerade party!Gates are set to open at 8:00am so get in early to get a FREE muffin and enjoy all the marvelous masquerade action…

What’s on:

• Jessica Mauboy is coming along to perform for everyone in the Crocoseum. Wooo-hoo! Note: this performance will affect the normal morning show time.

• Dance dance dance in the giant ballroom smack-bang in the middle of the Zoo! Learn how to dance like a fairytale Princess from the very best.

• Circus act ‘Flipside’ will be joining in on the action and holding circus lessons throughout the day. Bring your little ‘jesters in training’ along to learn to juggle, fly on the MASSIVE trapeze, throw a diablo, or hula hoop all day long!

• Don’t forget it’s a Masquerade party to come dressed in your best Masquerade attire. Plus register at admissions from 8:00am for the Crocoseum fashion parade for your chance to WIN some ripper prizes. Categories include Prince and Princesses (0-12yrs) and Kings and Queens (13yrs +) but hurry, there are only 20 places available for each!

• Be one of the first 1000 people through the gates (opening early at 8am on July 24) and receive a FREE DVD thanks to Magna Pacific

• Register to take part in the fun cookie and cupcake decorating classes run by Green’s. How good is this, you even get to taste test your own artwork afterwards!

• If you leave your masquerade masks at home, you can get FREE Masquerade face painting throughout the day.

• Put your creative skills to the test with our mask making craft activity and have a go at the very special Bindi’s Birthday colouring competition to win a ripper prize! Or get creative with SandWizard and do Sand Art with SandWizard. Creative, magical fun, for everyone! For more information about SandWizard, click HERE!

Plus, don’t forget to enter our Major Prize Draw competition for your chance to WIN some awesome prizes, including a Magna Pacific prize pack, a Body Shop pamper pack, a Greens hamper filled with delicious goodies and much much more!

Don’t miss Bindi’s 11th Birthday- it will be the biggest and wildest yet! Stay tuned for more details and updates.

*Kids aged up to 14 years accompanied by an adult will receive FREE entry into Australia Zoo on 24 July.
 

posted by Monique at 3:03 pm  

Bookmark This

Tuesday, July 7, 2009

Mcleods Daughters, the last episodes

mcleods daughters, final episodes 

Jaz faces a dilemma when she attempts to retrain her show-jumping horse, Annie, to work on the property. Does Annie really belong here? And can Jaz choose between Annie and her new life on Drovers Run? Grace and Stevie are surprised when Jaz rides up on Annie to help move some cattle. Annie’s a show-jumper — it’s not as if he can suddenly transform herself into a working horse. But Jaz is confident she can retrain Annie. She’s been working on her aversion to hay bails and demonstrates that she can keep her under control. Grace and Stevie agree to give Annie a go, but as soon as they start moving the cattle Annie gets spooked and drives two cows into a steep ditch, seriously injuring them. Stevie has to point out to Jaz they Annie is a liability to Drovers and that she needs to use the brumby they have trained for stock work. They can’t afford to lose any more stuff ups.A devastated Jaz takes exiled Annie to the back paddock to retire her but it’s too much for Jaz, she can’t leave Annie out there. So she decides that she will secretly work on Annie to get to the bottom of why she is spooked. Ben helps her along the way. Ingrid is seriously rattled when she realises that her work as a vet will bring her in direct contact with Paul, her estranged husband, who is in the area investigating a cattle-stealing ring. Paul is charming and apologetic, but Ingrid doesn’t trust his motives. Meanwhile, Paul pursues Marcus on a deserted back road. Is he intent on harming him? Marcus is forced to pull over, and Paul reveals that Marcus has a punctured tyre and that he has saved him from a possible accident. Marcus doesn’t know what to think and suggests to Ingrid that Paul may have changed his spots, but Ingrid doesn’t believe it for a second. Her suspicions are confirmed when she discovers that Paul knows that she and Marcus are lovers. Fearing for Marcus’ life, Ingrid and Grace race to find him. Ingrid’s life hangs in the balance when Paul threatens to kill her unless she returns to him. A week after the Drover’s girls   thought they had banished Paul for good, Ingrid and Stevie are involved in a car accident when Ingrid’s brakes fail. A check over of the car reveals that the brake fluid has been drained, and Paul is the only suspect. He appears on the property shortly afterwards, under the guise of checking cattle records, but his real agenda is soon revealed to Ingrid. He has come to reclaim her, dead or alive. Ingrid, unable to tell Marcus about Paul for fear of how he might react, seems to make a decision to run away to save herself, her lover and her friends from Paul. Preparing to do so, she delivers a letter to Stevie (via Patrick). It is not long before her car is found by Marcus on the side of the road, smashed and covered in blood, but with no sign of Ingrid. Meanwhile Phil’s musical tribute to Moira, ‘The Girl from Gungellan’, is about to premiere. Amidst the hullabaloo of rehearsals, Moira overhears a phone message from a young woman. Convinced Phil’s having an affair, she confronts him. He reveals the message was from his son’s fiancé. Phil has been invited to the wedding but is refusing to go. Moira contacts Phil’s estranged son, Phil Junior, in the hope that reuniting him with his own family will take the pressure off her. Phil hits the roof over her interference. But later, when he’s on his own, Phil rings his son, and is overjoyed to receive a warm welcome. Phil is hugely grateful to Moira, and things seem to be back on track between them. During the opening performance of The Girl from Gungellan, Phil lets slip that he wants them to buy a property near his son. Moira is upset, and abandons the show mid-performance. As the show continues without them, Moira tells Phil that he should go on his own, and sort out what he really wants. A broken-hearted Phil leaves. In the final telemovie-length episode of McLeod’s Daughters, Drovers’ future is in doubt and the girls pull out all stops to shear through the night to try and save the farm, and their futures. It’s six months since our last episode. High summer is looming and the ongoing drought has forced drastic action. All the sheep are being mustered and shorn to sell off so the remaining stored feed can help keep the cattle going through the next months. Stevie is nursing a secret; the financial situation is even more dire than she’s told the others. The whole future of Drovers rests on this plan. Stevie’s secret is revealed halfway through the shear when, to avoid mutiny, Stevie confesses all. Drovers is in terrible financial trouble. She hasn’t been drawing herself a wage for the last six months, opting not to pay herself, in order to avoid having to sack one of the girls. was supposed to help get the cattle through the next few months is gone.

Stevie and Ingrid in the cattle yard

posted by Monique at 11:49 am  

Bookmark This

« Previous PageNext Page »


2006 - 2011 Content by Monique